FMCSA Basics: Driver Regulations

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration regulates interstate trucking and bus transportation. The agency’s regulations and methodologies are ever always in flux, with changes proposed as recently as January 15, 2016. The medical qualifications and regulations for drivers are no exception, though general requirements have remained relatively consistent. Here’s what you need to know about general requirements and recent changes in the regulations. DRIVER REQUIREMENTS For the legal, in-depth version of driver requirements, view Rule 391 on the FMCSA website. In short, CMV drivers are required to: • Be at least 21 years old • Be able to read and speak the English language well enough to dothe job • Be able to safely operate the motor vehicle he/she will be driving • Be physically qualified to operate the vehicle • Have a currently valid commercial motor vehicle operator’s license issued by his/her state of residence • Not be disqualified to operate a motor vehicle • Have successfully completed a road test or its equivalent • Follow the Hours of Service (HOS) regulations • Have a Driver Qualification File w/Medical Certification A Driver Qualification (DQ) file consists of: • An application for employment • A motor vehicle record (MVR) from states • Previous employer information • Road test form and certificate or license or certificate accepted in lieu of road test • Medical exam certificate, original or a copy, plus any letter granting a waiver of a physical disqualification • Annual motor vehicle record • Annual review of driving record • Annual list of violations • Entry-level driver training certificate (if applicable) • Longer combination vehicle driver training certificate (if applicable) Physical qualifications To qualify physically, drivers must not have any the following conditions if it is likely...
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